Robert's Garden Shop
Builders of the First Water Fountains
Frequently serving as architects, sculptors, designers, engineers and discerning scholars, all in one, fountain creators were multi-faceted individuals from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century. Exemplifying the Renaissance artist as a innovative legend, Leonardo da Vinci worked as an inventor and scientific guru. The forces of nature guided him to examine the qualities and motion of water, and due to his fascination, he carefully recorded his experiences in his now renowned notebooks.
Brilliant water exhibits loaded with symbolic meaning and natural grace transformed private villa settings when early Italian water fountain designers fused imagination with hydraulic and landscaping abilities. Known for his incredible skill in archeology, architecture and garden creations, Pirro Ligorio, the humanist, offered the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli. Other water fountain engineers, masterminding the extraordinary water marbles, water attributes and water humor for the countless domains near Florence, were well-versed in humanistic topics and classical scientific readings.
The Impact of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Gardens
The introduction of the Normans in the latter half of the 11th century considerably transformed The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. The ability of the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons' in architecture and farming at the time of the conquest.
But before focusing on home-life or having the occasion to contemplate domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire population.
Because of this, castles were cruder buildings than monasteries: Monasteries were often important stone buildings located in the biggest and most fertile valleys, while castles were built on windy crests where their inhabitants devoted time and space to tasks for offense and defense. Gardening, a peaceful occupation, was unfeasible in these fruitless fortifications.
Berkeley Castle is probably the most complete model in existence nowadays of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture. It is said that the keep was introduced during William the Conqueror's time. As a method of deterring attackers from tunneling under the walls, an immense terrace encircles the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an old yew hedge cut into the shape of crude battlements.